by Carla Andrea Fundarotto
A garden skyscraper that will be built in southern China and will also be able to house offices and commercial activities. The project is by the Turin architect Carlo Ratti. It will be called Jian Mu Tower and will be built in the city of Shenzhen.
It will be a 51-storey skyscraper, 218 meters high, within which an urban garden cultivated by hydroponic cultivation will be built inside the glass facade, extending over 10 thousand square meters.
“The hydroponic garden embraces the concept of zero kilometer agriculture, because the harvest will then be sold and consumed in the same place, without wasting energy for distribution”, explained architect Carlo Ratti.
What is meant by hydroponic cultivation?
Hydroponic cultivation (also called soilless cultivation) is a technique in which the roots of plants grow and feed through water, on an inert substrate and in the absence of the common soil. By inert substrate we mean materials such as expanded clay, rock wool and coconut fiber.
It is a type of agriculture that uses a very nutrient-rich water vapor instead of the earth and allows plants to grow in some special vertical tubes.
Hydroponic cultivation is one of the most diversified cultivation methods that can be had in indoor cultivation.
How will the rest of the skyscraper be organized?
It will have a total area of almost one square kilometer and will house offices and commercial activities, including a supermarket of the Chinese giant Wumart, as well as clubs and restaurants.
The hydroponic garden inside the skyscraper will be managed by an agronomist specialized in artificial intelligence, who will constantly monitor the conditions of the various crops with a special software.