di Carla Andrea Fundarotto
The Spanish government has presented an ambitious climate bill in Parliament which, if approved, will allow Spain to reach zero net emissions by 2050 and 100 percent production from renewable sources.
The text comes after a long journey that began already at the end of 2018 and ended in February 2019 with a public consultation. “The goal is to make the energy transition a driving source – explained Teresa Ribera, Minister for Ecological Recovery – to generate short-term economic activity and employment and in a way consistent with what we will need as a medium and long-term country. The bill will immediately eliminate all subsidies to fossil fuels and ban new coal, oil and natural gas extraction projects. For this reason, it is part of the line already dictated by Europe with the package linked to the European Green Deal and the most recent Recovery plan, that is, the plan for the recovery of Europe as a response to the pandemic caused by the Coronavirus emergency.
We would have liked to present this law in other circumstances, several weeks ago – explained Minister Ribera in an official note – but it was presented at a time when it was necessary to discuss how to rebuild our country from a crisis. The law, in fact, will be useful to facilitate a recovery in line with the European Green Deal.
In order to achieve zero emissions by 2050, the package plans to reduce emissions by 23 per cent by 1990 levels by 2030, doubling the percentage of renewable energy by 42 per center and reducing overall energy consumption by at least 35 percent, through the renovation of homes and buildings. Incentives are also provided for sustainable mobility. The bill in fact requires that all new cars are zero emissions by 2040.